পর্ব 3: Right form of verb এই ৫০ টি নিয়ম মুখস্থ করতে পারলে কোনদিন বই খুলে দেখতে হবে না গ্যারেন্টি।

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Rule-16:

আবার Since দ্বারা Clause যুক্ত থাকলে এবং Since-এর আগে Clause বা বাক্যের অংশ Past Indefinite tense হলে পরের অংশ Verb-এর Past perfect tense হয়।

Many years passed since I (meet) him last.

Ans : Many years passed since I had met him last.

It was many years since I (visit) there.

Ans : It was many years since I had visited there.

Rule-17:

Passive voice-এ সর্বদা Verb-এর Past participle form হয়।

This work was (do) by him.

Ans : This work was done by him.

The problem has been (solve) by him.

Ans : The problem has been solved by him.

The school was (close) for sine die.

Ans : The school was closed for sine die.

Rule-18:

Simple Sentence-এ দুটি Verb থাকলে দ্বিতীয় Verb-এর সঙ্গে ing যোগ হয় অথবা দ্বিতীয় Verb টির আগে to বসে।

He saw the boy (play) in the field.

Ans : He saw the boy playing in the field.

I heard him (speak).

Ans : I heard him speaking.

He helps me (make) the house.

Ans : He helps me making the house.

Note :দ্বিতীয় Verb টি যদি উদ্দেশ্য বোঝাতে ব্যবহূত হয়, তবে দ্বিতীয় Verb-এর আগে to বসে।

I went to the library (read) newspaper.

Ans : I went to the library to read newspaper.

He repaired the boat (sell) it.

Ans : He repaired the boat to sell it.

Rule-19:

Sentenceটি Active Voice হলে can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must, need, dare, used to, ought to প্রভৃতি Modal Auxiliary Verb-এর পরে present form হয়। যেমন,

He can (do) it easily.

Ans : He can do it easily.

Everybody should (respect) his parents.

Ans : Everybody should respect his parents.

It may (rain) today.

Ans : It may rain today.

The boy can (work out) — the sum.

Ans: The boy can work out the sum.

He could not (eat) — all the mangoes.

Ans: He could not eat all the mangoes.

You must (do) — your duty properly.

Ans: You must do your duty properly.

Try yourself :

It may (rain) — today.

One should (take) — care of one’s health.

Rule-20:

Sentenceটি Passive Voice হলে can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must, need, dare, used to, ought to প্রভৃতি Modal Auxiliary Verb-এর পরে be+ Verb-এর past participle form হয়। যেমন,

The work can (do) — immediately.

Ans: The work can be done immediately.

All the mangoes could (eat) —

Ans: All the mangoes could be eaten.

Your duty must (perform) — very soon.

Ans: Your duty must be performed very soon.

Try yourself :

It can not (deny) —

The English book will (buy) — tomorrow.

Rule-21:

সাধারণত Sentence-যদি ভবিষ্যৎ নির্দেশক শব্দ বা Phrase যেমন Tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, in future, next ইত্যাদি থাকলে Future Indefinite tense হবে এবং Verb-এর Present form বসে।

I (go) to Dhaka tomorrow.

Ans : I shall go to Dhaka tomorrow.

He (join) there the next day.

Ans : He will join there the next day.

Rule-22:

Sentence-এর Subject Singular Number হলে Verb Singular হয় এবং Subject Plural হলে Verb plural Number হয়।

The flowers of the garden (to be) beautiful.

Ans : The flowers of the garden are beautiful.

These papers (to be) printed.

Ans : These papers are printed.

Rule-23:

মূল Verb-এর আগে to be /having/got থাকলে Verb-এর Past participle form হয়।

I do not mind (have) a cup of coffee.

Ans : I do not mind having a cup of coffee.

He went home (have) his salary.

Ans : He went home having his salary.

The thief ran away having (see) — the policeman.

Ans: The thief ran away having seen the policeman.

The Principal desired the notice to be (hang)—.

Ans: The Principal desired the notice to be hung.

The work is to be (do) — immediately.

Ans: The work is to be done immediately.

Try yourself :

I got the letter (write) — by him.

Having (do) — his duty he went out.

Rule-24:

সাধারণত It is time, It is high time, wish, fancy ইত্যাদির পরে Subject ও bracket এ মূল Verb থাকলে Verb-এর Past form হয়।

It is time you (finish) a course on English language.

Ans : It is time you finished a course on English language.

I wish I (sing).

Ans : I wish I sang.

I wish I (win)__ the first prize in the lottery.

Ans: I wish I won the first prize in the lottery.

I fancy I (fly)__ among the stars.

Ans: I fancy I flew among the stars.

Try yourself :

I wish I (be)__a rich man.

It is time we (earn)__our livelihood.

আবার, It is time, It is high time, এর পর যদি bracket এ মূল Verb থাকে, তবে ওই এর আগে to বসবে এবং ওই অপরিবর্তিত থাকবে। যেমন:

It is time (play).

Rule-25:

ব্রাকেটে (be) থাকলে person, number এবং tense অনুযায়ী am/is/are/was/were/been হবে

Allah (be) — everywhere.

Ans: Allah is everywhere.

It (be) — twenty years ago.

Ans: It was twenty years ago.

One of my friends (be) — a good student.

Ans: One of my friends is/was a good student.

Try yourself :

The tickets of the journey (be) — very costly.

The people of this village (be) — very poor ago.

Rule-26:

As if, as though, wish ইত্যাদি থাকলে Subject-এর পরে be verb-এর পরিবর্তে were বসে।

He behaves as if he (be) a leader. Ans : He behaves as if he were a leader. I wish I (be) a millionaire.

Ans : I wish I were a millionaire.

He speaks as if he (be)__ the owner of the farm.

Ans: He speaks as if he were the owner of the farm.

The man speaks as though he (be)__a leader.

Ans: The man speaks as though he were a leader.

The man speaks as if he (be) __ a landlord.

Ans: The man speaks as if he were a landlord.

Try yourself:

The man speaks as though he (be) __a rich man.

He speaks as if he (be) __ the President of Bangladesh.

Rule-27:

As if, as though দ্বারা দুটি Clause যুক্ত থাকলে প্রথম Clauseটি Present tense হলে পরবর্তী Clauseটি Past Indefinite হয়। প্রথম Clauseটি Past tense হলে পরের Clauseটি Past perfect tense হয়।

He behaves as if he (buy) the car.

Ans : He behaves as if he bought the car.

He spoke as though he (do) a great task.

Ans : He spoke as though he had done a great task.

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