পর্ব 4: Right form of verb এই ৫০ টি নিয়ম মুখস্থ করতে পারলে কোনদিন বই খুলে দেখতে হবে না গ্যারেন্টি।

Rule-28:

While যুক্ত Sentence-এ While-এর পরে Verb থাকলে Verb-এর সঙ্গে ing যোগ হয়। আবার

While-এর পরে Subject থাকলে While-এর অংশটি Past continuous tense হয়।

While (take) dinner, he received the phone.

Ans : While taking dinner, he received the phone.

While I (play) in the field, I saw him coming.

Ans : While I was playing in the field, I saw him coming.

While (walk) — in the garden, a snake bit him.

Ans: While walking in the garden, a snake bit him.

While he (walk) — in the garden, a snake bit him.

Ans: While he was walking in the garden, a snake bit him.

While it (rain) — , I was going to college.

Ans: While it was raining, I was going to college.

Try yourself:

While (sleep) — in his room, he dreamt a nice dream.

My uncle arrived while she (cook) — the dinner.

Rule-29:

Lest দ্বারা দুটি Clause যুক্ত থাকলে Lest-এর পরবর্তী Subject-এর সঙ্গে Auxiliary verb should/might বসে।

Read attentively lest you (fail) in the examination.

Ans : Read attentively lest you should fail in the examination.

Walk fast lest you (be) late in your class.

Ans : Walk fast lest you might be late in your class.

Rule-30:

Would that দ্বারা Sentence শুরু হলে Subject-এর পরে could বসে এবং মূল Verb-এর Present

form হয়।

Would that I (be) a bird!

Ans : Would that I could be a bird!

Would that I (visit) Cox’s Bazar

Ans : Would that I could visit Cox’s Bazar!

Would that I (go) — to the moon.

Ans: Would that I could go to the moon.

Would that I (be) — a poet like Nazrul.

Ans: Would that I could be a poet like Nazrul.

Would that I (enter) — into the class-room.

Ans: Would that I could enter into the class-room.

Try yourself :

Would that I (buy) — a latest car.

Would that I (see) — our great Prophet (SM).

Rule-31:

সাধারণত Each, one of, every, either, neither ইত্যাদি দ্বারা কোনো subject-গঠিত হলে সেটি 3rd person singular number হয়; তাই এদের পরের Verbটিও singular number হয়। যেমন,

Each boy (come) here.

Ans : Each boy comes here.

One of them (to be) guilty.

Ans : One of them is guilty.

Everybody (wish) to be happy.

Ans : Everybody wishes to be happy.

Rule-32:

Adjective-এর আগে the বসলে subjectটি Plural হয় এবং তদনুযায়ী Verb বসে।

The virtuous (to be) blessed.

Ans : The virtuous are blessed.

The poor (live) from hand to mouth.

Ans : The poor live from hand to mouth.

Rule-33:

Titles, Names, phrase of measurement দেখতে Plural হলে Singular verb হয়।

Thirty miles (to be) a long way.

Ans : Thirty miles is a long way.

Star wars (to be) an excellent movie.

Ans : Star wars is an excellent movie.

Eight hours (to be) a long time to work.

Ans : Eight hours is a long time to work.

Rule-34:

কোনো Sentence It দ্বারা শুরু হলে পরবর্তী Verb singular হয়।

It (to be) difficult to do.

Ans : It is difficult to do.

It (to be) you .who have done this.

Ans : It is you who have done this.

Rule-35:

কোনো Sentence যদি Introductory There’ দ্বারা শুরু হয় এবং তারপর Singular number থাকে, তবে there-এর Singular verb হয়। আর যদি there-এর পরে Plural Number থাকে, তবে Plural verb হয়।

There (to be) a big river beside our village.

Ans : There was a big river beside our village.

There (to be) a lot of work left for us.

Ans : There were a lot of work left for us.

Rule-36:

Let, had rather, had better, would better, do not, does not, need not, did not, did never ইত্যাদির পরে Verb-এর present form হয়। যেমন,

I would rather die than (beg) .

Ans : I would rather die than beg.

Would you let me (go) there?

Ans : Would you let me go there?

I let the other boys (use) — my skates.

Ans: I let the other boys use my skates.

I had better (go) — home by this time.

Ans: I had better go home by this time.

I need not (do) — the work.

Ans: I need not do the work.

Try yourself :

He did not (go) — to college yesterday.

He does not (like) — student-politics.

Rule-37:

If যুক্ত Clause-এর প্রথম অংশ Present Indefinite tense হলে পরের অংশ Future Indefinite হয় অর্থাৎ Structureটি হয় অর্থাৎ [If +Present Indefinite +Future Indefinite]—

If you work hard, you (prosper) In life.

Ans : If you work hard, you will prosper In life.

If he reads more he (pass) In the examination.

Ans : If he reads more, he will pass in the examination.

If you walk slowly, you (miss) — the train.

Ans: If you walk slowly, you will miss the train.

If you run in the rain, you (catch) — cold.

Ans: If you run in the rain, you will catch cold.

Try yourself :

I will not go out, if it (rain) —

If he (come) — here, I will go there with him.

Rule-38:

If যুক্ত Clause-এর প্রথম অংশ Indefinite tense হলে পরের অংশ Subject-এর পরে Would/could/might বসে এবং Verb-এর Present form হয়। অর্থাৎ, Structureটি হয়—

If + past indefinite + (subject + would/could/might +verb-এর Present form)

If he agreed, I (give) the money.

Ans : If he agreed, I would give the money.

If you studied, you (get) a good result.

Ans: If you studied, you would get a good result.

Rule-39:

If যুক্ত Clause-এর প্রথম অংশ Past perfect tense হলে পরের অংশ Subject-এর পরে Would have/could have/might have বসে এবং Verb-এর Past participle form হয়।

If you had finished it sincerely, you (get) a profit.

Ans : If you had finished it sincerely, you would have got a profit.

If I had possessed vast wealth, I (help) the poor people.

Ans : If I had possessed vast wealth, I would have helped the poor people.

If he had met his teacher, he (solve) the problems.

Ans : If he had met his teacher, he would have solved the problems.

Rule-40:

To-এর পরে Verb-এর present form হয়। যেমন,

She went to New Market to (buy) — a dress.

Ans: She went to New Market to buy a dress.

We have come here to (see) — his ailing mother.

Ans: We have come here to see his ailing mother.

The man said to the porter to (carry) — the load.

Ans: The man said to the porter to carry the load.

Try yourself :

You need to (go) — there.

We have to (realize) — the importance of English.

Rule-41:

To ব্যতীত Preposition-এর পরের Verb-এর সঙ্গে ing যুক্ত হয়।

He is now engaged in (read).

Ans : He is now engaged in reading.

One can gather knowledge by (travel).

Ans : One can gather knowledge by traveling.

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