পর্ব 5: Right form of verb এই ৫০ টি নিয়ম মুখস্থ করতে পারলে কোনদিন বই খুলে দেখতে হবে না গ্যারেন্টি।

Rule-42:

Can not help, could not help, look forward to, with a view to, get used to, mind , would you mind, worth, past ইত্যাদির পরে Verb-এর সঙ্গে ing যুক্ত হয়।

He came to Dhaka with a view to (find) a job.

Ans : He came to Dhaka with a view to finding a job.

I cannot help (laugh).

Ans : I cannot help laughing.

I went there with a view to (read) — there.

Ans: I went there with a view to reading there.

I am looking forward to (get) — your reply.

Ans: I am looking forward to getting your reply.

I looked forward to (stand) — first in the class.

Ans: I looked forward to standing first in the class.

Would you mind (give) — me a pen ?

Ans: Would you mind giving me a pen ?

I can not help (do) — the work.

Ans: I can not help doing the work.

He could not help (help) — the poor.

Ans: He could not help helping the poor.

Try yourself :

They become addicted to (take) — drugs.

We went to Cox’s Bazar with a view to (see) — the sea shore.

She never mind (have) — ice cream.

He could not help (sell) — his land.

Rule-43:

কোন Sentence-এর শুরুতে Subject-এর স্থানে Verb থাকলে Verb-এর সঙ্গে ing যোগ হয়।

(To swim) is a good exercise.

Ans : Swimming is a good exercise.

(To speak) is an art.

Ans : Speaking is an art.

Rule-44:

By-এর পরে Verb-এর সঙ্গে ing যোগ হয়। যেমন,

He expressed his grief by (say) — that the thief had stolen his watch.

Ans: He expressed his grief by saying that the thief had stolen his watch.

Answer the questions by (write) — one point of information.

Ans: Answer the questions by writing one point of information.

By (dig) — a deeper hole, Jerry planted a tree.

Ans: By digging a deeper hole, Jerry planted a tree.

Try yourself :

No student can pass the examination by (adopt) — unfair means in the examination.

By (be) — conscious of a language one can develop his ‘explicit’ learning.

Rule-45:

lf/Had যুক্ত clauseটি Past Indefinite Tense হলে অপর clause-এর Subject-এর পরে would/could/might বসে এবং Verb-এর Present Form বসে। যেমন,

If he requested me, I (go) __there.

Ans: If he requested me, I would go there.

If I were a rich man, I (help)__the poor.

Ans: If I were a rich man, I would help the poor.

If I were the President, I (remove)__ the terrorism.

Ans: If I were the President, I would remove the terrorism.

Try yourself :

Had I much money, I (establish)__a college.

Had I the wings of a bird, I (fly)__ like a bird.

Rule-46:

Sentence-এ lf/Had যুক্ত clauseটি Past perfect Tense হলে অন্য অংশটিতে Subject-এর পরে অর্থভেদে would have/could have/might have বসে এবং verb-এর past participle হয়।

If he had invited, I (go)__.

Ans: If he had invited, I would have gone.

If I had been a rich man, I (help)__the poor.

Ans: If I had been a rich man, I would have helped the poor.

Try yourself :

We would have come, if he (invite)__.

If you had stated earlier, you (catch)__the bus.

Rule-47:

If যুক্ত Clause-এর প্রথমটিতে Subject-এর পর were থাকলে দ্বিতীয় অংশে Subject-এর পরে Would/ could/ might বসে এবং Verb-এর Present From বসে। আবার, Would have/could have/would haveও বসতে পারে। সে ক্ষেত্রে Verb-এর Past participle form বসে।

If I were an artist, I (draw) a nice picture.

Ans : If I were a child, I would draw a nice picture.

If I were a billionaire, I (establish) a hospital for the poor.

Ans : If I were a billionaire, I would establish a hospital for the poor.

Had-এর পরে Subject এবং Verb-এর Past participle থাকলে পরবর্তী Clause-এর Subject-এর পরে Would have/could have/might have + verb-এর Past participle form বসে।

Had I been a teacher, I (talk) the real story to my students.

Ans : Had I been a teacher, I would have talked the real story to my students.

Rule-48:

Verb ‘to be’ বিহীন Sentenceকে Negative বা Interrogative করতে হলে tense ও Subject-এর number ও person অনুসারে do, does, did ব্যবহার করতে হবে।

We not (play) Ha-du-du.

Ans : We do not play Ha-du-du.

She not (play) football.

Ans : She does not play football.

He not (come) home yesterday.

Ans : He did not come home yesterday.

Rule-49:

সাধারণত Preposition (on, in of, for, from, by, after at, beyond, upon, against, with, without, before ইত্যাদি) এর পরে verb-এর সঙ্গে ing যোগ হয়। যেমন:

Rina is busy in (do) her home work.

Ans : Rina is busy in doing her homework.

Helen is neglected for (speak) foolishly.

Ans : Helen is neglected for speaking foolishly.

Keep on (try) hard.

Ans : Keep on trying hard.

I don’t believe in (overload) — my stomach.

Ans: I don’t believe in overloading my stomach.

I had never thought of (go) — there.

Ans: I had never thought of going there.

I could not live without (help) — the poor.

Ans: I could not live without helping the poor.

Try yourself :

After (do) — the work I will go out.

The porter came here for (do) — the work.

Rule-50:

Interrogative sentence যদি who, what, why, which, when, where, whose, how ইত্যাদি question word দিয়ে শুরু হয় তাহলে subject-এর আগে tense ও person অনুযায়ী auxiliary verb ব্যবহার করতে হবে।

Why he (look) so happy?

Ans : Why does he look so happy?

When father (come)?

Ans : When will father come?

What you (say)?

Ans : What do you say?

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